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Education

Diamond Shape

There are Round, Princess, Marquise shapes of diamonds.

Diamond Color

Diamond Clarity

Diamond Cutting

ROUND BRILLIANT CUT

The round brilliant cut diamond is the most popular shape of diamond. For hundreds of years, diamond cutters have been working with this cut to maximize its brilliance and fire. While this cut offers great flexibility within the four C’s, you will want to select higher quality grades to bring out the most brilliance within a round diamond.

CUSHION CUT

Sometimes called a pillow-cut diamond, the cushion cut is a timeless cut that has earned its name for its pillow shape. Cushion cut diamonds tend to have impeccable brilliance and clarity in their appearance which can be attributed to their rounded corners and larger facets. These diamonds are available in square and rectangular shapes.

 

PRINCESS CUT

Princess cut diamonds are exceptionally brilliant because of the way they are cut and are available in both square and rectangular shapes. The color that is emitted from princess cut diamonds is very unique. While the color of other diamond is displayed mainly in the center, the princess cut diamonds show distinct color in each of the corners as well.

 

OVAL CUT

Oval cut diamonds have a classic appearance with a modern twist! It is a popular cut in all types of jewelry, especially in engagement rings, making it easy to match with other jewelry. It has an incredible brilliance, similar to the round brilliant cut, but also has the advantage of accentuating long, slender finders.

PEAR SHAPED

Combining round and marquise cuts, the teardrop style of pear shaped diamonds is exceptional. The slender pear shape will give fingers and hands a slimmer appearance while creating a soft and delicate look. Pear shaped diamonds are cut to produce maximum brilliance, so it’s important to look for excellent symmetry.

ASSCHER CUT

Asscher cut diamonds are often mistaken for an emerald cut because of its similar cut style; however an asscher is square rather than rectangular. Created in the early 1920s, the asscher cut has recently resurged in popularity, especially amongst celebrities.

RADIANT CUT

Perfect for those looking for a unique style, radiant cut diamonds feature uniquely trimmed corners which combines the lines of an emerald cut with the brilliance of a round diamond. The sparkle of this diamond cut looks beautiful when combined with a variety of other diamond cuts.

MARQUISE CUT

A marquise cut diamond is a perfect shape for maximizing carat weight by emphasizing the size of the diamond. Its unique shape creates the effect of longer, more slender hands and fingers. The outline of a diamond is determined by its length to width ratio, which also provides an image of the shape and look of the diamond.

 

Diameter: Width of the diamond at the widest point of the girdle (in fancy cut diamonds, the smallest diameter is used)

Table: The largest facet at the top

Crown: The top part of the diamond between the girdle and the table

Girdle: The narrow band at the diamond’s widest point

Pavilion: The bottom part of the diamond between the girdle and the culet

Culet: The fact at the bottom tip (preferable when not visible to the naked eye)

Depth: >The height of a diamond from the table to the culet

Facet: A surface or ‘face’ created when the diamond is cut

Star Facet: Triangular shaped facets surrounding the table which form a star-shape when viewed from above

Upper Girdle Facets: The 16 triangular facets that sit directly on top of the girdle

Lower Girdle Facets: The 16 triangular facets that sit directly below the girdle

Pavilion Main Facets: The 8 large four-sided facets which run from the girdle to the culet

Table Size: The table is the top horizontal facet of the diamond. The average table size is expressed as a percentage of the diamond’s average girdle diameter. While an “Excellent” grade diamond will have a table size between 52 to 62 percent, other proportions are important too. Remember that GIA doesn’t consider individual proportions in isolation.

Total Depth: The diamond’s overall depth from the surface of the table to the culet, expressed as a percentage of the average girdle diameter.

Pavilion Depth: The pavilion is the lower proportion of a diamond from the bottom edge of the girdle to the culet. The pavilion depth is expressed as a percentage of the average girdle diameter. A pavilion depth that’s too shallow or too deep will allow light to escape from the side or bottom of the stone. A well-cut diamond will direct more light upward through the crown.

Pavilion Angle: Pavilion angle is another important dimension of the diamond, especially as it relates to a diamond’s brightness. It is the average of the angles formed by the diamond’s pavilion main facets and its girdle plane. This should fall between 40.6 to 41.8 degrees to be considered “Excellent”, providing other parameters also fit their proper ranges.

Crown Height: The crown is the upper portion of the diamond, from the top edge of the girdle to the table. The average crown height is expressed as a percentage of the average girdle diameter. It can affect both the dispersion and brightness of a diamond.

Crown Angle: The crown angle is the angle that’s formed where the bezel facets meet the girdle plane. The crown angle in a well-cut diamond will be within 31.5 to 36.5 degrees. The crown angle has a large effect on the face-up appearance of a round brilliant-cut diamond. The best range of crown angles provide a routh for exiting light dispersion, as well as additional contrasting directions for entering light. Star Length: The horizontally projected distance from the point of the star facet to the edge of the table, relative to the distance between the table edge and the girdle edge. A well-cut diamond will range between 40 to 70 percent, when other parameters are within the correct ranges

Girdle thickness: The girdle is the middle portion of a diamond, a narrow section separating the crown from the pavilion, and functions as the diamond’s setting edge. The girdle thickness is described as a range from its thinnest to thickest areas. A thick girdle is less desirable because it unnecessarily adds weight to the stone where it matters the least (making the diamond appear smaller). An extremely thin girdle is sometimes referred to as a knife-edge, and results in a diamond that is more fragile and susceptible to chipping. Therefore, a girdle that is “medium to slightly thick” is preferred.

Lower Girdle/ Half Facet Length: This ratio is measured by calculating how long the lower girdle facets are relative to the length of the pavilion. This defines the contrast of a round brilliant cut diamond, which controls the brilliance of a diamond. The well-cut diamond will range between 65 to 90 percent. Diamonds with longer lower half facets will have a little more scintillation.

Culet: The culet is the small facet at the bottom of a diamond intended to prevent chipping and abrasion to the point. The culet size can affect face-up appearance and it’s described as the average width of the facet. Size is expressed as none, very small, small, medium, slightly large, large, very large, and extremely large. When there is no culet, it is sometimes referred to as a pointed culet. Preferably the culet will not be visible with the unaided eye, and when described as none (no culet), very small or small on a GIA report, it falls in the excellent range.

What Makes iDo Jewellery Different From The Rest?
We believe that our clients deserves to own a beautifully cut diamond with perfect sparks and shines of a diamond as every diamond is unique.

There are vast range of diamonds in the market and we discard not ideally cut diamonds. With Excellent cut diamond, it will enhance the color and shine of a diamond. Why settle down for a badly cut diamond when you are also paying about the same price?

Here is how we select A Diamond:

1st Point – 3C’s (Not 4C’s, will emphasise on the Final C)

First, we select the Carat, Shape.

Followed by Color & Clarity.

This is the most basic selection of a diamond. Look at the amount search. We have 60,840 pieces of diamonds in our total inventory and after color and clarity selection we have 7,008 diamonds on the list.

The following step, we select 3 Excellents (Cut, Polish & Symmetry). However, take note that 3 Ex is not the king. Triple Excellents may not be ideal cut. 

Fluorescence is another important factor that affects price. Remember you want only None. However you may consider Faint if the color is low.

Observe the search amount, it is now left with 4,344 diamonds.

There are more little things that we put into consideration in selecting a diamond such as Luster, Black & White dots which are not stated in the certificate but affect the price.

Again, look at the remaining diamond after filtering out the unwanted quality. 2 remains. However, this is not the only thing we look into selecting your diamond. We go way beyond this!

 

2nd Point – Diamond Proportion

 

 

Cut refers not to a diamond’s shape (e.g. round, oval, pear, etc.) but to a diamond’s proportions, symmetry and polish. The beauty of a diamond depends more on cut than any other factor. Though extremely difficult to analyze and quantify, diamond cut has three primary effects on appearance: brilliance (the brightness created by the combination of all the white light reflections from the surface and the inside of a polished diamond), fire (the dispersion of light into the colors of the visible spectrum, seen as flashes of color), and scintillation (the flashes of light and dark, or sparkle, when a diamond or light source is moved).

When a diamond is fashioned from a rough stone, the cutter must balance optimal cut (and therefore appearance) against maximum yield (cutting the diamond to maintain as much carat weight from the rough stone as possible). Because many customers are willing to pay more for a larger, fair-cut cut diamond than for a slightly smaller, well-cut diamond, there is pressure on the cutter to sacrifice appearance for weight. This is why the Cut grade is so important; it allows the purchaser to identify those stones that were cut Fair to Poor in an effort to gain carat weight.

Diamond Cut

In the image, the same rough stone (shown in blue) can yield one of two potential diamonds:

A too-deep cut diamond (orange) would yield a significantly larger diamond, earning the diamond cutter a larger profit on his investment.

A smaller, well-cut diamond (white) may sell for less in total than the larger diamond, but it will command a higher price-per-carat not only because of its superior appearance but also due to decreased yield from the rough stone (which therefore makes the diamond more expensive to create).

Diamond Cut Proportions

Diamond proportion refers to the relationship between the size, shape, and angle of each facetof a diamond. A wide range of combinations are possible, ultimately determining the diamond’s interaction with light.

When light strikes a diamond, approximately 20% immediately reflects off the surface (as glare). Of the 80% that enters, a portion will escape through the bottom of the diamond (where the observer cannot appreciate it). A well proportioned diamond will have each facet properly placed and angled so as to maximize the amount of light that reflects back out of the crown (top) of the diamond, to the eye of the observer. This reflected light is perceived as scintillation,fire and brilliance.

In the diagram below, three common light patterns are shown. When light meets any facet of a diamond, it will either reflect (bounce back) or refract (bend while passing through the facet). The angle that the light hits the facet determines whether the majority of light reflects or refracts, which is why cut is so important.

Diamond Depth %

Depth refers to the distance between the culet and the table when the diamond is viewed from the side. Diamond depth is expressed in millimeters, and is given as the third number under “measurements” for every Lumera Diamond (the first two numbers are length and width).

Depth Table

The depth % of a diamond is calculated by dividing the depth by the width of the diamond. So, if a diamond is 3 mm in depth, and 4.5 mm in width, its depth % is 66.7. The lower the depth %, the larger a diamond of a given carat weight will appear (since most of the diamond’s size is in its width vs. in its depth).

Diamond Table %

The table % of a diamond is calculated by dividing the width of the table facet by the width of the diamond. So, if the table facet is 3 mm wide, and the diamond is 4.5 mm wide, its table % is 66.7.

A note of caution:

A diamond should not be chosen or rejected based solely on depth % or table %. Because the overall Cut grade already incorporates both factors, it should be used as the primary determinant when choosing a diamond. When comparing two diamonds of equal Cut grade, depth % and table % can then be used as further refinements, especially (in the case of depth %) if one is concerned about how large the diamond will appear.

Diamond Proportion Diagram

GIA Diamond Proportion Diagram

GIA Diamond Proportion Diagram

Every Lumera Diamond comes with a GIA Grading Report or Dossier certificate, most of which include a proportion diagram. The proportion diagram is a graphic representation of the diamond’s actual proportions.

The proportion diagram shows the diamond’s girdle size, culet size, table and depth percentages, as well as other measurements, such as the crown and pavillion angles.

Each angle and dimension is measured electronically using a light scanner. The proportion diagram is a “fingerprint” of your diamond.

Grading Diamond Cut

GIA Diamond Cut Grades

Excellent, Very Good, and Good GIA Cut Grades

Evaluating the combined effects of facet shapes and angles, girdle widthculet size,polish and symmetry on the overall appearance of a diamond is a daunting task, even for professional gemologists. Fortunately, all of these factors have already been taken into consideration when calculating the diamond’s Cut grade.

Because Cut grade provides a single rating which weighs the combined impact of all of the factors listed above on a diamond’s visual performance, it is a simple yet vital tool in evaluating a diamond.

Cut grade should be a primary consideration when evaluating a diamond. Only when comparing two diamonds of identical Cut grade should the individual components of Cut (such as girdle width, symmetry, polish, depth%, table %, and culet size) be used as further refinements or tie breakers.

A note of caution:

Unlike the other “Cs” ( carat weightcolor, and clarity), the various Cut grades in existence today were not originated by GIA, and are not uniformly applied. In fact, GIA has only been assigning cut grades since 2005, and only to round diamonds.

Even though retailers use common terms to describe Cut (such as Excellent, Very Good, Fair, Poor) the terms are not uniformly defined or applied. In fact, a diamond seller may assign any cut grade they choose, based on any set of factors they wish. One retailer will use terms such as “Signature Ideal”, “Ideal”, and “Excellent”; while another uses “Ideal” to describe all three, and another uses “Excellent” for all. Be cautious when comparing cut grades from different sources, as they are most likely inconsistent.

To avoid confusion or misrepresentation of any diamond, Lumera uses the same cut grades as employed by GIA, and does not engage in “cut inflation” by creating other grades (“signature”, “super ideal”, etc.).

Also, be aware of diamond sellers who assign their own cut grades in place of what GIA has already assigned to a particular diamond. Many popular websites and retail stores display their own, more generous Cut rating, in place of the GIA grade.

Buying Tip:

Cut grade is the most important factor in determining the overall appearance of a diamond, because a poorly cut diamond will seem dull even with excellent clarity andcolor. Conversely, a well cut diamond can have a slightly lower color (G-H) or clarity (SI1-SI2) and still look quite beautiful, due to its superior ability to create sparkle and brilliance.

For superior brilliance, choose a diamond with a Cut grade of Very Good or Excellent for round diamonds, and Good or better in fancy shape diamonds. When choosing a diamond in this range, make sure its Symmetry and Polish are Very Good or Excellent, so that the impact of the above average Cut is not obscured.

For those on a budget, primarily concerned with size, a diamond of Fair – Good cut may be an acceptable choice, especially in fancy shapes. While the diamond will lack the scintillation and brilliance of a well cut diamond, it will allow a significant increase in size for the same price.

Avoid Poor cut diamonds, even if size is the primary concern. Most find these diamonds to be an unacceptable trade off, despite the lower price. iDo Jewellery does not offer Poor cut diamonds.

FANCY PINK DIAMONDS ARE THE MOST ROMANTIC OF THEM ALL. WITH IT’S OUTSTANDING FEMININE AND EXTREMELY RARE COLOR IN THE WORLD OF LOOSE DIAMONDS.

HOW ARE NATURAL PINK DIAMONDS FORMED?

All natural diamonds, both fancy colored and colorless alike, are formed in a long and fascinating process under the earth’s mantle for millions and billions of years. High temperatures ranging from 1,000 to 2,000 degrees centigrade combined with the pressure generated at a depth of 150-200 km have instigated long-term natural chemical processes that produce the stunning diamond crystals we cherish so deeply.

 

Sometimes, fancy colored diamonds get their color from additional elements captured in the pure carbon crystalline structure of what was supposed to be a white diamond crystal. For example, yellow diamonds get their color from nitrogen molecules that were mixed in the process, while green diamonds get their color due to radiation. But the case of natural pink diamonds is slightly different, still shrouded by mystery and not yet determined decisively. Some experts suggest that the pink color is actually acquired in conditions of very high pressure that cause deformities in the crystal. As a result, the light refracts, the green light is absorbed, and a spectacular pink light is projected as a result.

WHERE ARE NATURAL PINK DIAMONDS QUARRIED?

Fancy pink diamonds, which considered one of the rarest diamonds in the world, are currently quarried from a relatively small number of mines in countries such as Australia, Russia, South Africa, Canada, Tanzania, and Brazil. The largest mine currently active is the Argyle mine in Australia, which is owned by the world’s largest mining company – Rio Tinto. Argyle mine is the source of approximately 90% of all red and pink loose diamonds in the world, with an annual output volume of about 40-50 carats of fancy pink diamonds alone. The average weight of the rare natural pink diamonds quarried at Argyle is around 1 carat, and they are sold at a single auction every year, attended by collectors and investors from around the globe who wish to own such rare and mesmerizing stones.

 

A few hundred years ago, in the 17th and 18th centuries, it was actually the Kollur and Agra mines in India that produced natural and impressive pink diamonds, including the Darya-i-Noor diamond weighing 186 carats, the Nur-el-Ain diamond weighing 60 carats, and the Shah Jahaan diamond weighing 56.71 carats.

FANCY PINK DIAMONDS COLOR SCALE

The main factor dictating the pricing of loose pink diamonds, like any fancy colored diamond, is the color . Unlike white diamonds, whose lack of color is their most valued attribute, when it comes to fancy colored diamonds, the stronger the hue is – the more valuable the diamond. For comparison, the Argyle mine has estimated that the value of a fancy pink diamond with the same characteristics as a white diamond (to the extent that they’re comparable) would cost up to 20 times its colorless counterpart. Whereas a Light pink diamond would cost much less than a Fancy deep pink diamond. Therefore, it’s safe to say that the pricing scale for fancy colored diamonds in general, and highly rare diamonds such as pink ones in particular, does not ascend in a linear and fixed progression, but rather in exponential increments depending on the diamond’s color and intensity.

 

If you’re looking for pink diamonds for sale you should know that the color pink in the diamond is graded on a scale of 9 levels: Faint pink diamond, Very Light pink diamond, Light pink diamond, Fancy Light pink diamond, Fancy pink diamond, Fancy Intense pink diamond, Fancy Vivid pink diamond, Fancy Deep pink diamond & Fancy Dark pink diamond. “Faint pink diamond” represents a bright and pastel shade while “Fancy Deep pink diamond” represents a strong and deep pink tint.

The color of a fancy colored diamond, including fancy natural pink diamonds, is determined by three key characteristics that affect its grading: Hue, tone, and saturation. Licensed international gemological institutes such as the GIA examine these three factors when grading a diamond’s color out of the 9 color definitions mentioned above.

3 FACTORS AFFECTING THE PINK DIAMOND COLOR DEFINITION

Hue – represents the diamond’s dominant color. Although secondary hues (Modifying colors/Overtone) may be present as well, their proportion will be lesser than that of the primary hue, which basically determines the diamond’s color category.

 

Tone – the tone indicates the amount of light or darkness in the diamond and directly impacts the hue’s saturation level.

 

Saturation – this parameter reflects the hue’s strength and intensity and is actually the key feature according to which the diamond is defined and priced. Diamonds with a strong saturation are considered rarer and therefore priced higher.

SECONDARY HUES IN PINK DIAMONDS

In addition to the primary pink hue, most natural pink diamonds have a secondary hue (and sometimes even two of them), which apart from being an excellent fashionable choice offered by mother nature, also affect the pink diamond’s price. The most popular color combinations found in pink diamonds include the colors purple, brown, and orange.

 

The secondary hue’s impact on the price of a pink diamond correlates with the level of the color’s rarity, and if pricing wasn’t complicated enough, the additional hues produce hundreds of other variations and prices that don’t follow a linear scale.

 

Despite the complexity of pricing fancy colored diamonds, with or without secondary hues, there is one rule of thumb you should keep in mind: the more common and less rare the secondary hue, the lower the price of the diamond; whereas a rare secondary hue will raise its price.

 

For example, a fancy pink diamond with a secondary brown hue will be cheaper than a fancy pink diamond with a rarer secondary purple hue, even though both have the same weight and clarity level.

 

The order of the colors in the certificate indicates the degree of the color’s dominance in the diamond. According to this principle, the primary hue (pink in this case) will actually appear in the far end of the color definition, while the secondary hues will appear at the start. For example, Brownish Pink is in fact a diamond whose primary hue is pink and secondary hue is brown.

 

The description of the diamond’s secondary hue in the certificate issued by the Gemological Institute indicates its level of presence in the diamond. For example: When the certificate cites the color Purplish Pink, this indicates a relatively low presence of a secondary purple hue (25%) combined with the primary pink hue (75%); whereas if the color is defined as Purple Pink, that indicates a more dominant purple tint (40%) combined with the primary pink hue (60%).

 

*The figures are presented for illustration purposes only and do not represent the characteristics of a specific diamond.

 

Since secondary hues are relatively common among pink diamonds, pure pink diamonds that have no additional tint are considered even rarer, and the stronger their color, the rarer and more expensive the diamond.

HERE ARE THE PINK DIAMONDS HUES COMBINATIONS AS FOUND IN NATURE FROM LEFT TO RIGHT

line 1: fancy vivid purplish pink diamond, fancy intense pink diamond, fancy intense pink diamond, fancy vivid purplish pink diamond, fancy intense pink diamonda, fancy vivid purplish pink diamond

 

line 2: fancy intense pink diamond, fancy brownish pink diamond, fancy pink purple diamond, light pink diamond, fancy brownish pink diamond, fancy orangy pink diamond, fancy light orangy pink diamond

 

line 3: fancy intense pink diamond, fancy purplish pink diamond, fancy vivid purple pink diamond, fancy intense purplish pink diamond, fancy intense orangy pink diamond, fancy brown pink diamond, fancy vivid pink diamond

 

line 4: very light pink diamond, fancy brown pink diamond, very light pink diamond, fancy brown pink diamond, fancy orangy pink diamond, fancy intense purplish pink diamond, fancy vivid purplish pink diamond

FANCY PINK DIAMOND PRICES | THE EFFECT OF THE REMAINING 3C’S

The 4 C’s are four key parameters set by the GIA for grading white and fancy colored diamonds. The parameters are – color, carat, cut, and clarity. As noted previously, the most crucial factor determining the rarity and pricing of fancy colored diamonds is the color. However, the remaining three C’s have a significant impact on the diamond’s pricing as well.

 

  1. Carat – Although many tend to equate carat with size, in fact it represents a unit of weight, 0.2 grams to be precise (or 100 points), while the cutting method and the diamond’s shape affect the apparent size. In the case of rare diamonds like fancy colored diamonds in general and fancy pink diamonds in particular, weight makes a huge difference! The heavier the diamond, the exponentially higher its price. For example: 100 pink diamonds weighing 0.01 each (1 carat in total) will cost $2,000-$2,500, compared to a single 1 carat pink diamond with identical color, clarity, and cut, which will cost $30-$40K. This gap stems from the fact that heavier diamonds are much rarer and comprise a significantly smaller portion of the market, therefore the pink diamond price per carat is much higher .

 

2. Clarity – the clarity parameter in untreated natural loose pink diamonds (and diamonds in general) determines how many internal or external flaws there are in a diamond (using 10x magnification), ranging from diamonds with no flaws at all, even under magnification, to diamonds with flaws that may affect their transparency and shine. Although the clarity factor becomes less important in the case of rare and unique colors like pink, it is still recommended to understand the scale of existing clarity levels and select the most suitable one for you.

Diamond grading professionals use a scale with nine levels of clarity divided into 6 groups:

FL – Flawless

IF – Internally flawless

VVS1 & VVS2 – Very, very slightly included

VS1 & VS2 – Very slightly included

SI1 & SI2 – Slightly included

I1 & I2 – Included

 

There is no great visible difference between a VVS1-level fancy pink diamond and its VVS2-level counterpart, and the impact on the price is equally minimal. But when moving between level groups, such as between VVS and VS and SI, the differences in prices increase significantly.

Choosing a diamond with a low level of clarity may be lucrative due to the relatively low cost for such a rare stone. However, it is recommended to choose a level of clarity with flaws that the human eye can’t detect in order to ensure the magical shine and penetration of light.

 

3. Cut – when considering this parameter, we naturally tend to think of the shape of the diamond, though the cut is actually a much more complex factor. Diamond’s cut reflecting the way the diamond polisher shaped the diamond into the rough crystal, and the quality of the diamond’s cut, polish, and symmetry as ahigh, medium, or low grading. An excellent cut of a fancy colored diamond will highlight its colors, create hypnotizing reflections of light, and do everything to emphasize its advantages and increase its value.

 

Since a good cut makes the diamond look amazing, select your preferred grading based on the look of the diamond. However, it would be a shame to settle for a lower grade cut that lacks symmetry or shine and doesn’t flatter the everlasting diamond that you or your loved one will keep and cherish for life.

Another parameter worth considering when choosing the perfect pink diamond for you is the distribution of color in the diamond. As the diamond crystal forms in a long chemical process spanning over many years, sometimes concentrations of colors are formed unevenly in various areas of the diamond. Naturally, an even distribution of color in a diamond yields a deeper and stronger color. This distribution is graded by only two categories: Even & Uneven.

HOW RARE ARE PINK DIAMONDS?

Natural pink diamonds are extremely rare and therefore very expensive. In fact, until recently there was a real concern that the supply of pink diamonds in mines is running low. But thanks to the opening of a new mine in Western Australia, those fears were put aside, at least until 2020. Nevertheless, the process of finding sellable pink diamonds is so slow that for every million carats of rough diamonds mined, there is only 1 carat of sellable fancy pink diamond.

 

As mentioned in the previous section on mines, the Argyle mine is the world’s main supplier of pink diamonds, with a modest annual sum of 40-50 carats, which are then sold in an auction. According to data released by RIO TINTO, owner of the Argyle mine, the fancy pink diamonds prices range from $1,000 to more than a million dollars per carat.

 

All this and more make pink diamonds highly desirable and popular among collectors who wish to own the rarest and most unique diamonds in their collections, and investors seeking for opportunities to invest their money in a rare asset with a high and stable value which increase with time. Fancy pink diamonds allows them to do so magnificently.

 

Particularly rare pink diamonds have been sold in recent years for exorbitant prices to collectors who couldn’t resist the stone’s beauty and charm. For example, at an auction in 2010 Laurence Graff, a London jeweler with a weakness for rare and beautiful stones, purchased a Fancy intense pink diamond, emerald cut, weighing 24.78 carat, for a record price of $45.6 million. The press release headlines said: “This is the most wonderful diamond I’ve seen in my entire career”.

ORIGIN OF YELLOW DIAMOND’S COLOR

The unique color of yellow diamonds comes from the presence of nitrogen in their composition. The nitrogen molecules absorb blue light, making the stone a yellow shade. Depending on the amount of nitrogen, a yellow diamond could range from light to dark.

As a part of the Fancy Color Diamond family, yellow diamonds may also have a secondary hue like orange or brown. Pure natural yellow diamonds of an intense shade are sometimes referred to as Canary Diamonds or Canary Yellow Diamonds.

YELLOW DIAMOND INTENSITY LEVELS

White diamonds are graded on a color scale of D to Z, with D being a colorless diamond and Z having a distinct yellow or brown tint. If the scale were to continue past Z—all the way to a rich, yellow color—you’d have a Fancy Vivid Yellow Diamond. In other words, yellow diamonds are fully saturated with yellow and carry no traces of whiteness whatsoever.

The GIA color grading scale for yellow diamonds is:

  • Faint
  • Very Light
  • Light
  • Fancy Light
  • Fancy
  • Fancy Intense
  • Fancy Vivid, Fancy Deep or Fancy Dark

Assessing the color of yellow diamonds—or any Fancy Color Diamonds—is a difficult task. Most importantly, each Fancy color grade isn’t simply a point along a line. Each grade is a range in itself. For example, it’s possible to find a Fancy Yellow that just barely made it over the border from Fancy Light territory. It’s also possible to find a Fancy Yellow that just missed the cutoff into the Fancy Intense grade.

YELLOW DIAMOND RARITY AND PRICES

Fancy yellow diamonds, also known as canary yellow diamonds, are relatively common. Due to their commonality—relative to other Fancy colors—yellow diamonds can be fairly affordable.

Fancy Light Yellow diamonds, as an example, will price similarly to a I Color white diamond. For instance, this 1.01 Carats Fancy Light Yellow, VS2 Clarity Radiant Cut yellow diamond costs $4,150 while this 1.03 Carats, I Color, VS2 Clarity Radiant Cut diamond costs $4,100.

At their strongest color intensity though, Fancy Vivid Yellow Diamonds can become rather expensive. A Fancy Vivid Yellow Diamond with a decent color and eye-clean clarity will cost approximately the same as a D Color Flawless white diamond of the same shape. At this point, it depends on which you and the wearer find more appealing: a unique, richly colored diamond or a white, colorless diamond.

Evaluating the price of a yellow diamond is detailed, as even the smallest brown tint can reduce a yellow’s value, while green or orange tints will increase the value. For this reason, we recommend consulting an expert before moving ahead with a yellow diamond purchase.

YELLOW DIAMOND ENGAGEMENT RING SETTINGS

Setting a yellow diamond in an engagement ring allows for a unique opportunity to make the stone’s color even more intense. Most often, a yellow gold setting will make the diamond’s color appear deeper, while a white gold setting may make it appear lighter. In order to save on your budget, you may wish to look for a yellow diamond of one intensity grade lower and have it set in yellow gold to maximize the color.

HOW ARE NATURAL PINK DIAMONDS FORMED?

All natural diamonds, both fancy colored and colorless alike, are formed in a long and fascinating process under the earth’s mantle for millions and billions of years. High temperatures ranging from 1,000 to 2,000 degrees centigrade combined with the pressure generated at a depth of 150-200 km have instigated long-term natural chemical processes that produce the stunning diamond crystals we cherish so deeply.

 

Sometimes, fancy colored diamonds get their color from additional elements captured in the pure carbon crystalline structure of what was supposed to be a white diamond crystal. For example, yellow diamonds get their color from nitrogen molecules that were mixed in the process, while green diamonds get their color due to radiation. But the case of natural pink diamonds is slightly different, still shrouded by mystery and not yet determined decisively. Some experts suggest that the pink color is actually acquired in conditions of very high pressure that cause deformities in the crystal. As a result, the light refracts, the green light is absorbed, and a spectacular pink light is projected as a result.

WHERE ARE NATURAL PINK DIAMONDS QUARRIED?

Fancy pink diamonds, which considered one of the rarest diamonds in the world, are currently quarried from a relatively small number of mines in countries such as Australia, Russia, South Africa, Canada, Tanzania, and Brazil. The largest mine currently active is the Argyle mine in Australia, which is owned by the world’s largest mining company – Rio Tinto. Argyle mine is the source of approximately 90% of all red and pink loose diamonds in the world, with an annual output volume of about 40-50 carats of fancy pink diamonds alone. The average weight of the rare natural pink diamonds quarried at Argyle is around 1 carat, and they are sold at a single auction every year, attended by collectors and investors from around the globe who wish to own such rare and mesmerizing stones.

 

A few hundred years ago, in the 17th and 18th centuries, it was actually the Kollur and Agra mines in India that produced natural and impressive pink diamonds, including the Darya-i-Noor diamond weighing 186 carats, the Nur-el-Ain diamond weighing 60 carats, and the Shah Jahaan diamond weighing 56.71 carats.

FANCY PINK DIAMONDS COLOR SCALE

The main factor dictating the pricing of loose pink diamonds, like any fancy colored diamond, is the color . Unlike white diamonds, whose lack of color is their most valued attribute, when it comes to fancy colored diamonds, the stronger the hue is – the more valuable the diamond. For comparison, the Argyle mine has estimated that the value of a fancy pink diamond with the same characteristics as a white diamond (to the extent that they’re comparable) would cost up to 20 times its colorless counterpart. Whereas a Light pink diamond would cost much less than a Fancy deep pink diamond. Therefore, it’s safe to say that the pricing scale for fancy colored diamonds in general, and highly rare diamonds such as pink ones in particular, does not ascend in a linear and fixed progression, but rather in exponential increments depending on the diamond’s color and intensity.

 

If you’re looking for pink diamonds for sale you should know that the color pink in the diamond is graded on a scale of 9 levels: Faint pink diamond, Very Light pink diamond, Light pink diamond, Fancy Light pink diamond, Fancy pink diamond, Fancy Intense pink diamond, Fancy Vivid pink diamond, Fancy Deep pink diamond & Fancy Dark pink diamond. “Faint pink diamond” represents a bright and pastel shade while “Fancy Deep pink diamond” represents a strong and deep pink tint.

The color of a fancy colored diamond, including fancy natural pink diamonds, is determined by three key characteristics that affect its grading: Hue, tone, and saturation. Licensed international gemological institutes such as the GIA examine these three factors when grading a diamond’s color out of the 9 color definitions mentioned above.

3 FACTORS AFFECTING THE PINK DIAMOND COLOR DEFINITION

Hue – represents the diamond’s dominant color. Although secondary hues (Modifying colors/Overtone) may be present as well, their proportion will be lesser than that of the primary hue, which basically determines the diamond’s color category.

 

Tone – the tone indicates the amount of light or darkness in the diamond and directly impacts the hue’s saturation level.

 

Saturation – this parameter reflects the hue’s strength and intensity and is actually the key feature according to which the diamond is defined and priced. Diamonds with a strong saturation are considered rarer and therefore priced higher.

SECONDARY HUES IN PINK DIAMONDS

In addition to the primary pink hue, most natural pink diamonds have a secondary hue (and sometimes even two of them), which apart from being an excellent fashionable choice offered by mother nature, also affect the pink diamond’s price. The most popular color combinations found in pink diamonds include the colors purple, brown, and orange.

 

The secondary hue’s impact on the price of a pink diamond correlates with the level of the color’s rarity, and if pricing wasn’t complicated enough, the additional hues produce hundreds of other variations and prices that don’t follow a linear scale.

 

Despite the complexity of pricing fancy colored diamonds, with or without secondary hues, there is one rule of thumb you should keep in mind: the more common and less rare the secondary hue, the lower the price of the diamond; whereas a rare secondary hue will raise its price.

 

For example, a fancy pink diamond with a secondary brown hue will be cheaper than a fancy pink diamond with a rarer secondary purple hue, even though both have the same weight and clarity level.

 

The order of the colors in the certificate indicates the degree of the color’s dominance in the diamond. According to this principle, the primary hue (pink in this case) will actually appear in the far end of the color definition, while the secondary hues will appear at the start. For example, Brownish Pink is in fact a diamond whose primary hue is pink and secondary hue is brown.

 

The description of the diamond’s secondary hue in the certificate issued by the Gemological Institute indicates its level of presence in the diamond. For example: When the certificate cites the color Purplish Pink, this indicates a relatively low presence of a secondary purple hue (25%) combined with the primary pink hue (75%); whereas if the color is defined as Purple Pink, that indicates a more dominant purple tint (40%) combined with the primary pink hue (60%).

 

*The figures are presented for illustration purposes only and do not represent the characteristics of a specific diamond.

 

Since secondary hues are relatively common among pink diamonds, pure pink diamonds that have no additional tint are considered even rarer, and the stronger their color, the rarer and more expensive the diamond.

HERE ARE THE PINK DIAMONDS HUES COMBINATIONS AS FOUND IN NATURE FROM LEFT TO RIGHT

line 1: fancy vivid purplish pink diamond, fancy intense pink diamond, fancy intense pink diamond, fancy vivid purplish pink diamond, fancy intense pink diamonda, fancy vivid purplish pink diamond

 

line 2: fancy intense pink diamond, fancy brownish pink diamond, fancy pink purple diamond, light pink diamond, fancy brownish pink diamond, fancy orangy pink diamond, fancy light orangy pink diamond

 

line 3: fancy intense pink diamond, fancy purplish pink diamond, fancy vivid purple pink diamond, fancy intense purplish pink diamond, fancy intense orangy pink diamond, fancy brown pink diamond, fancy vivid pink diamond

 

line 4: very light pink diamond, fancy brown pink diamond, very light pink diamond, fancy brown pink diamond, fancy orangy pink diamond, fancy intense purplish pink diamond, fancy vivid purplish pink diamond

FANCY PINK DIAMOND PRICES | THE EFFECT OF THE REMAINING 3C’S

The 4 C’s are four key parameters set by the GIA for grading white and fancy colored diamonds. The parameters are – color, carat, cut, and clarity. As noted previously, the most crucial factor determining the rarity and pricing of fancy colored diamonds is the color. However, the remaining three C’s have a significant impact on the diamond’s pricing as well.

 

  1. Carat – Although many tend to equate carat with size, in fact it represents a unit of weight, 0.2 grams to be precise (or 100 points), while the cutting method and the diamond’s shape affect the apparent size. In the case of rare diamonds like fancy colored diamonds in general and fancy pink diamonds in particular, weight makes a huge difference! The heavier the diamond, the exponentially higher its price. For example: 100 pink diamonds weighing 0.01 each (1 carat in total) will cost $2,000-$2,500, compared to a single 1 carat pink diamond with identical color, clarity, and cut, which will cost $30-$40K. This gap stems from the fact that heavier diamonds are much rarer and comprise a significantly smaller portion of the market, therefore the pink diamond price per carat is much higher .

 

2. Clarity – the clarity parameter in untreated natural loose pink diamonds (and diamonds in general) determines how many internal or external flaws there are in a diamond (using 10x magnification), ranging from diamonds with no flaws at all, even under magnification, to diamonds with flaws that may affect their transparency and shine. Although the clarity factor becomes less important in the case of rare and unique colors like pink, it is still recommended to understand the scale of existing clarity levels and select the most suitable one for you.

Diamond grading professionals use a scale with nine levels of clarity divided into 6 groups:

FL – Flawless

IF – Internally flawless

VVS1 & VVS2 – Very, very slightly included

VS1 & VS2 – Very slightly included

SI1 & SI2 – Slightly included

I1 & I2 – Included

 

There is no great visible difference between a VVS1-level fancy pink diamond and its VVS2-level counterpart, and the impact on the price is equally minimal. But when moving between level groups, such as between VVS and VS and SI, the differences in prices increase significantly.

Choosing a diamond with a low level of clarity may be lucrative due to the relatively low cost for such a rare stone. However, it is recommended to choose a level of clarity with flaws that the human eye can’t detect in order to ensure the magical shine and penetration of light.

 

3. Cut – when considering this parameter, we naturally tend to think of the shape of the diamond, though the cut is actually a much more complex factor. Diamond’s cut reflecting the way the diamond polisher shaped the diamond into the rough crystal, and the quality of the diamond’s cut, polish, and symmetry as ahigh, medium, or low grading. An excellent cut of a fancy colored diamond will highlight its colors, create hypnotizing reflections of light, and do everything to emphasize its advantages and increase its value.

 

Since a good cut makes the diamond look amazing, select your preferred grading based on the look of the diamond. However, it would be a shame to settle for a lower grade cut that lacks symmetry or shine and doesn’t flatter the everlasting diamond that you or your loved one will keep and cherish for life.

Another parameter worth considering when choosing the perfect pink diamond for you is the distribution of color in the diamond. As the diamond crystal forms in a long chemical process spanning over many years, sometimes concentrations of colors are formed unevenly in various areas of the diamond. Naturally, an even distribution of color in a diamond yields a deeper and stronger color. This distribution is graded by only two categories: Even & Uneven.

HOW RARE ARE PINK DIAMONDS?

Natural pink diamonds are extremely rare and therefore very expensive. In fact, until recently there was a real concern that the supply of pink diamonds in mines is running low. But thanks to the opening of a new mine in Western Australia, those fears were put aside, at least until 2020. Nevertheless, the process of finding sellable pink diamonds is so slow that for every million carats of rough diamonds mined, there is only 1 carat of sellable fancy pink diamond.

 

As mentioned in the previous section on mines, the Argyle mine is the world’s main supplier of pink diamonds, with a modest annual sum of 40-50 carats, which are then sold in an auction. According to data released by RIO TINTO, owner of the Argyle mine, the fancy pink diamonds prices range from $1,000 to more than a million dollars per carat.

 

All this and more make pink diamonds highly desirable and popular among collectors who wish to own the rarest and most unique diamonds in their collections, and investors seeking for opportunities to invest their money in a rare asset with a high and stable value which increase with time. Fancy pink diamonds allows them to do so magnificently.

 

Particularly rare pink diamonds have been sold in recent years for exorbitant prices to collectors who couldn’t resist the stone’s beauty and charm. For example, at an auction in 2010 Laurence Graff, a London jeweler with a weakness for rare and beautiful stones, purchased a Fancy intense pink diamond, emerald cut, weighing 24.78 carat, for a record price of $45.6 million. The press release headlines said: “This is the most wonderful diamond I’ve seen in my entire career”.

ORIGIN OF GREEN DIAMOND’S COLOR

The color of a green diamond originates from the exposure to radioactivity and the atomic radiation that the stone endured over millions of years. Even though the green color is a result of exposure to radioactivity, there’s no need to worry, as holding the stone isn’t dangerous at all. The formation process, however, is incredibly rare, resulting in a colored diamond that’s extremely difficult to obtain.

In order to make identifying a genuine green diamond easier, some polishers have taken to leaving what’s called a “Natural” on the girdle of the stone. A “Natural” is an unpolished area between the girdle and pavilion, exposing the natural color of the rough. This mark allows gemologists assessing the stone to recognize the color as natural and provide the diamond with appropriate certification.

GREEN DIAMOND’S INTENSITY LEVELS

Green diamonds range from a light green to a rich, deep hue. A green diamond’s color grade is based on both the colors of the stone and the color intensity level.

The GIA grades green diamonds on the following scale:

  • Faint Green
  • Very Light Green
  • Light Green
  • Fancy Light Green
  • Fancy Green
  • Fancy Intense, Fancy Vivid and Fancy Deep

Pure green diamonds are preferred, but most of the stones contain secondary colors. These colors can be one or even two of the following hues: yellow, yellowish, blue, bluish, brown, brownish, gray, grayish, gray yellowish and grayish yellowish.

GREEN DIAMOND’S RARITY AND PRICES

Green diamonds are considered one of the rarer colors within the Fancy Diamond world. In fact, the only colors that are more difficult to find are red, pink, blue, violet and orange. Because of green’s extreme rarity, these diamonds are often far pricier than other colored diamonds. Even though green diamonds are technically less rare than a pink diamond, it’s still more difficult to source a good quality fancy green diamond.

Being on a budget doesn’t mean nixing the idea of owning a green diamond, though. In fact, often a very light green diamond contains a nice tint that adds uniqueness to the stone without breaking the bank. For instance, this 1.72 Carat round diamond was relatively affordable in the green diamond world.

Overall, the prices of green diamonds range greatly depending on their size, shape, color, quality and source.

ORIGIN OF BLUE DIAMOND’S COLOR

Though often confused, sapphires are entirely different gemstones than blue diamonds. Sapphires are a member of the corundum family and contain traces of titanium, iron, magnesium, copper and chromium. The mesmerizing color of the blue diamond, on the other hand, comes from the presence of boron within the diamond’s mostly carbon composition.

Many blue diamonds are Type IIb diamonds, which account for only 0.1% of the world’s color diamonds. Their level of rarity makes blue diamonds even more suitable for diamond collectors, investors and enthusiasts.

Blue diamonds belong to the family of Fancy Color Diamonds, the name for diamonds that exhibit a rich color. Assessing a blue diamond’s value is based on its 4Cs (Cut, Color, Clarity and Carat), with Color being the most important factor by far.

BLUE DIAMOND’S INTENSITY LEVELS

The strength of a diamond’s color is referred to as the color intensity level. Each Fancy diamond has different intensity levels by which it’s evaluated. For blue diamonds, the grading scale includes Faint Blue, Very Light Blue, Light Blue, Fancy Light Blue, Fancy Blue, Fancy Intense Blue, Fancy Deep Blue and Fancy Vivid Blue. Fancy Dark is also a possibility if a secondary color is present.

Every blue diamond is considered rare, but pure colors (ie. those without a secondary modifier) are even more unique. Pure blues are hard to obtain, however, and some color combinations are quite stunning. Gray-blue and green-blue are the most common secondary colors for blue diamonds but there are many color combination possibilities. This 0.46 Carat Fancy Gray Blue diamond is an example of a beautiful stone with a modifying color. Even stones like these are considered exceptional.

BLUE DIAMOND’S RARITY AND PRICES

Blue diamonds are among the rarest of the Fancy diamonds—just after red diamonds. Some claim, based on their very high prices, that pink diamonds are more rare than blue, but that’s mostly due to increased demand rather than reduced supply.

As one of the rarest diamond colors available, blue diamonds are usually incredibly expensive. That being said, certain color combinations such as those that lean more gray than blue can be more affordable.

ORIGIN OF ORANGE DIAMOND’S COLOR

The presence of nitrogen within the diamond is the main source of the orange color, just as it is for yellow stones. The difference between orange and yellow diamonds is how the nitrogen atoms are grouped during the diamond’s formation. The arrangement, which is called hyper-specific, absorbs hints of blue and yellow light, thus creating an orange color.

Similar to yellow and brown diamonds, orange diamonds have a nickname and are sometimes referred to as pumpkin diamonds. The nickname is due to their likeness to the large squash’s color and a famous 5.54 Carat stone called the pumpkin diamond.

ORANGE DIAMOND INTENSITY LEVELS

The color intensity levels for orange diamonds are graded by the GIA as Faint Orange, Very Light Orange, Light Orange, Fancy Light Orange, Fancy, Fancy Intense Orange, Fancy Vivid Orange and Fancy Deep Orange. The two latter color intensity levels are the most desired and the most expensive.

Like other Fancy Colored Diamonds, the orange diamond often has a secondary hue or overtone, such as yellow or brown. This 0.93 Carat vivid yellow-orange diamond is an example of a stunning orange hue with a slight yellowish tone.

ORANGE DIAMOND’S RARITY AND PRICES

A pure orange diamond, with no overtone colors, is considered among the rarest stones that exist. It’s difficult to rank rarity, but gemologists often consider orange diamonds to be the fourth or fifth rarest color, just after red, violet, pink and blue.

Similar to all other natural Fancy Color Diamonds, those found in the purest form with a single color are considered the most valuable. The GIA rarely grades an orange stone as a pure color, making them extremely difficult to find—and when you do, they’re priced very high. For example, this is an incredibly rare and expensive fancy vivid orange diamond.

Orange diamonds drop in price dramatically if they have a secondary or modifying color. The majority of orange diamonds are found with some form of a color combination. Orange diamonds often contain secondary hues of brown, brownish, yellow, yellowish, brownish yellow and pinkish. Other combinations may exist, but they’ll include these colors: brown, yellow or pink.

Ask anyone what to look for in a loose diamond, and you immediately hear about the 4 C’s: cut, color, clarity, and carat. The 4 C’s are the very measures used by diamond grading laboratories and appraisers to assign value to diamonds. It is important to take note, though, that the application of these grading requirements may vary from one gemological lab to another or one appraiser to another. For instance, while the Gemological Institute of America (GIA) may assign an SI1 clarity grade to a specific diamond, the European Gemological Laboratory (EGL) could give the exact same diamond an SI2 rating. That is just a hint of the subjectivity that is practiced in diamond grading, and it gets even more subjective in the world of appraisals. The Holloway Cut Advisor (HCA) rating tool is no exception to this subjective grading scheme. In this article, we put HCA cut rating standards to the test by comparing it to the most trusted industry standard: GIA

 

HCA is an alternative cut rating tool mostly used by web-based diamond traders and shoppers as it is easily accessible online. Compared to the more renowned diamond grading entities like EGL and GIA, HCA is a cheaper way to rate the cut of a diamond.

 

HCA works by estimating a diamond’s potential light return, scintillation, fire, and spread after utilizing some basic information regarding a diamond. This information includes overall depth percentage, average crown height or angles, table percentage, average pavilion depth or angles, and culet size.

As per countless observations of gemologists in the industry, there are setbacks to the Holloway Cut Advisor that need mentioning. For one, there are many standards not accounted for by HCA cut rating. These include craftsmanship, cut precision (traditional symmetry), digging and painting, among others. In addition, the HCA process is entirely dependent on computer models. No living person ever rates the diamond based on its actual appearance.It is important to note that HCA ratings are often inconsistent—sometimes rating two identical stones differently, which raises serious questions about the algorithms used by the HCA computer models.

 

In contrast to the limited attributes used by HCA, the GIA Cut Grade rating has three major criteria which cover a more comprehensive list of quality indicators. These include face-up appearance, craftsmanship, and design. With face-up appearance, standards like brightness, scintillation, and fire are measured. Craftsmanship looks for details regarding symmetry and polish. And design delves into durability and weight ratio. Cut ratings include Poor, Fair, Good, Very Good, and Excellent. These grading standards are obviously more descriptive, thus easier to interpret.

 

Furthermore, GIA grades diamond cut via a predictive computer model which takes into account approximately 38.5 million proportion indicators and at least 70,000 specific diamond quality observations. This breakthrough system is just one of the many practices and technologies that gives GIA Cut Grade more credibility. Admittedly, the use of such a reliable system is also the reason why a GIA diamond certificate costs a little more, and why the company has strict standards when it comes to grading diamonds. The final advantage to a GIA examination is the human factor that comes from a real gemologist putting their eyes and hands on the diamond to ensure that their computer analysis didn’t miss a thing. What better way to confirm the quality of a stone than by actually seeing all of the characteristics that make it great?

 

In the end, for the most discriminating and discerning buyers, the tried and tested GIA Cut Grade is still the most sought-after and reliable guarantee of cut quality.

What Is A GIA Diamond ?

As mentioned above, a GIA diamond is really shorthand diamond sellers use to describe diamonds that have been graded by GIA. GIA is an independent, nonprofit organization that conducts gem research, educates gem professionals and sets the standards for determining diamond quality. One of GIA’s main functions is the grading of diamonds. You may have already heard or learned about the 4Cs of diamond quality: colorclaritycut and carat weight. GIA created this standard, along with the scientific procedures for evaluating each “C” and the grading terminology used to describe them.

GIA does not mine diamonds, nor does it buy, sell or trade them commercially. It doesn’t appraise diamonds and is not otherwise involved in diamond pricing or valuation. GIA operates independently of these commercial interests, ensuring that its diamond quality assessments are completely objective and unbiased.

If you want to know the quality of the diamond you’re considering – and you should, because quality and price go hand in hand – then you should look for GIA-graded diamonds and the GIA diamond grading reports that will accompany them.

What Does It Mean For A Diamond To Be A “GIA Certified Diamond”?

“GIA certified diamond” is a misnomer. GIA doesn’t certify diamonds – it grades them. The terms “GIA certified” and “GIA cert” are commonly used in the jewelry industry to refer to diamonds that have undergone GIA’s rigorous grading process and to the reports that accompany them.

GIA itself does not use the word “certificate” to describe the document it issues. GIA examines the diamond, assesses its qualities based on the 4Cs, and describes it. It does not certify the diamond or its value. Rather, like other scientific laboratories, GIA issues a report on the results of its evaluation of a particular diamond and believes “report” is the appropriate term to describe its grading results.

Diamond with 1ct up will have a longer and more detailed information on GIA certificate.

Dossier diamond below 1ct GIA certificate

Now i will guide you through how iDo Jewellery selects our diamonds using a few guides. We do not just select our diamonds based on just GIA certificate, we gobeyond that.The bottom link is a quick understanding between 2 exact same specification diamonds. However there are huge difference if there is slight difference in proportion (cutting).

GET IDO SUPERIOR DIAMOND WITH EASE!

The crafting of IDO SUPERIOR diamonds is aimed at the very heart of GIA 0 parameters representing a very narrow subset of the overall GIA Excellent cut grade category. Majority of the cutters sacrifices the light performances of a diamond to yield heavier carat. For our diamonds, which you can select any diamonds with ease as we have filtered before we post them on the website.
For our IDO SUPERIOR diamonds, it will normally fall within a specific range of measurement. In rare cases, it is possible for an IDO SUPERIOR to exceed one or more of these specifications, but only if the light performance analytics are superb which is unlikely.

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MEASUREMENTS

Depth

Table

Crown Angle

Pavilion Angle

Culet

Girdle

Polish Grade

Symmetry Grade

TRIPLE EXCELLENTS

57 – 63

52 – 62

31.5 – 36.5

40.6 – 41.8

N – P – S – M

T – M – ST

EX – VG

EX – VG

IDO SUPERIOR

59 – 62.5

55- 58

34 – 36

40.6 – 40.8

N

T – M – ST

EX

EX

BENEFITS OF IDO SUPERIOR DIAMOND

There are a significant practical benefits of selecting IDO SUPERIOR DIAMOND; It insures the diamond will be a top performer in all possible lighting conditions. No matter how many articles you have read, you will still have doubt when you are given a whole lot of diamonds to select. The benefit of owning an IDO SUPERIOR diamond is experienced every moment of every day with every glance of every eye & purchase with ease because we have filtered them for you!

LIGHT PERFORMANCE IMAGES

iDo Jewellery will provide a set of images & video of an actual diamond that enable a complete understanding of each and every diamond we select handles light. We provide a magnified face up image of the diamond that can reveal certain aspects of clarity and patterning, and another 360 video that reveals to some extent its dynamic potential to deliver fire and brilliance.
In addition, we provide actual ASET and Idealscope images that reveal critical aspects of light return and light leakage. Any significant amount of light leakage detected by these tests will be grounds for disqualification. This fact also explains why these images tend to look very similar throughout the IDO SUPERIOR category.

FILTERING CLARITY

It could be argued that any internal inclusions block some light rays as they pass through the diamond and would therefore diminish light performance. In theory this is true but in practice many inclusions are so minute as to have negligible effect on performance. This is especially true in the upper gemological grades. In the Slightly Included grades, diminished light performance can be an issue, even if cutting is perfect. Therefore, one of the critical assessments the iDo Jewellery gemological review team makes is to look for any deleterious effects that might be present as a result of clarity features. Depending on several factors such as inclusion type, location, size and density, some diamonds will appear slightly “sleepy” or not as “crisp” as they other. This can be a very subtle effect and one that is not contained on any grading report.

For perhaps even more obvious reasons, IDO SUPERIOR diamonds are carefully inspected for any clarity issues that would give rise to structural weakness. A diamond with a feather or other clarity feature that in our assessment poses an elevated durability risk for mounting or wear will not be allowed in the brand.
Indented natural, chip are “flaws” which dips below the polished diamond’s surface. An indented natural is a part of the rough diamond that was left untouched during the polishing process and is usually found at the girdle.

Defects that can be controlled by the cutting process are not allowed. For instance, diamonds with chips or scratches mentioned on the lab report will disqualify a diamond from IDO SUPERIOR. Extra facets are not allowed in IDO SUPERIOR rounds as they often represent a “shortcut” that a cutter has taken to repair a chip or remove an inclusion. Diamonds with any such deficits are not allowed.

FLUORESCENCE

A large percentage of mined diamonds exhibit a property called fluorescence. When exposed to ultraviolet light, they will glow. Usually the color is blue. Because fluorescence can reduce market value, and in some cases actually diminish light performance, IDO SUPERIOR diamonds must have None fluorescence.

Diamonds may be the hardest substance on earth, but they are not indestructible. While they can be cut or polished only by another diamond, a hard blow can cause them to chip. Never wear your diamond jewelry when doing rough work.

 

TIPS ON CARING FOR YOUR DIAMONDS

Don’t store your diamond jewelry next to other jewelry pieces as this can cause scratches. A fabric-lined jewelry case with separate compartments is Ideal. You can also individually wrap jewelry in soft tissue paper or use jewelry pouches for each piece.

Regularly inspect your diamond jewelry to make sure the setting is secure. Promptly bring it to a professional jeweler if you notice any signs of damage or loosening of the prongs. It’s a good idea to have your diamond jewelry examined at least once a year by a professional jeweler. In addition to performing any necessary repair work, your jeweler can expertly clean your jewelry.

Everyday exposure to creams, skin oils, hairspray, household chemicals and other substances can cause buildup that will dull your diamond’s brilliance and sparkle. Use a solution of warm water mixed with a few drop of ammonia in which to soak your diamond jewelry. Gentle scrubbing with an old, soft-bristled toothbrush is useful for more extensive cleaning. Rinse and dry with a clean soft cloth.

 

THE BASICS OF KEEPING YOUR DIAMOND CLEAN

So how can you keep your diamond looking its very best? Here are some tips on diamond care:

  • Handle your diamond sparingly, as your fingers provide enough oil from your skin to alter the way your diamond looks.
  • Clean your diamond regularly. A simple plan to keep your diamond jewelry always looking beautiful is to soak the diamond in an ammonia-based household cleaner (such as window cleaner) overnight, once or twice weekly. In the morning, remove the diamond from the cleaner and brush it with a soft, clean toothbrush to remove any leftover dirt. Take extra care to brush the back of the diamond as this will be the area that has collected the most oil and dirt.
  • Be aware that fragile settings and estate jewelry won’t take kindly to being scrubbed with a toothbrush, so use a soft touch. Then, just rinse the diamond with water and wipe with a soft, lint-free cloth.
  • Don’t use harmful solutions. Chlorine or abrasives should never be used when cleaning diamonds, especially those set in jewelry. These erode some of the metals often used in diamond settings, and may loosen prongs, or even dissolve the metal completely.

Sometimes an ultrasonic cleaner is necessary to remove encrusted dirt on diamonds. By sending high frequency sound waves through a detergent solution, ultrasonic cleaners cause vibrating fluid to remove accumulated dirt and grime. However, they can also shake loose stones from their mounting, so this method shouldn’t be used on fragile settings, and is best undertaken by a professional jeweler.

Regular cleaning will keep your diamond jewelry in gleaming condition and ready to sparkle on that special occasion.

 

TIPS FOR GENERAL CARE

Even though you may wear your diamond engagement ring 24 hours a day, you should still give thought to its care.

  • Don’t wear it when you’re doing rough work or going to the gym. Even though a diamond is durable, it can be chipped by a hard blow.
  • Don’t let your diamond come in contact with a chlorine bleach when you’re doing household chores. It can damage and discolor the mounting.
  • Do see your jeweler at least once a year and have him check your ring and other precious pieces for loose prongs and wear of mountings. He’ll usually give them a professional “shine-up” too.

 

PUTTING DIAMONDS AWAY

  • When you’re not wearing diamonds and precious jewelry, they still require attention. Keep your precious pieces in a fabric-lined jewel case, or a box with compartments or dividers.
  • lf you prefer to use ordinary boxes, wrap each piece individually in tissue paper.
  • Don’t jumble your diamond pieces in a drawer or jewelry case, because diamonds can scratch other jewelry-and can even scratch each other.
  • Don’t leave your ring on the rim of a sink when you remove it to wash your hands. It can easily slip down the drain.

Sapphire is one of the Big three of jewelry colored gemstones—the other two are ruby and emerald. A durable stone that’s designated as a birthstone for September, it captures jewelry buyers with its practicality and aura of romance.

Corundum is the mineral species that includes both sapphire and ruby as varieties. Red corundum is known as ruby and all other colored corundum (including colorless, or white sapphire as it is known in the trade) is sapphire, although blue is the most well-known.

COLORS OF SAPPHIRE
Sapphire is generally known as a blue gemstone but surprisingly it comes in a wide range of colors and quality variations. In general, the more intense and uniform the color is, the more valuable the stone.

Sapphires that are not blue are known as fancy sapphires, and may be any color—except red (which is a ruby). The fancy sapphire colors are: pink, orange, yellow, green, purple, and violet. There truly is a different color of sapphire to suit anyone’s taste!

Blue Sapphires

Color has the greatest influence on a sapphire’s value, and preferred sapphires have strong to vivid color saturation. The most valued blue sapphires are velvety blue to violetish blue, in medium to medium-dark tones. Sapphires with these qualities command the highest prices per carat. Less valuable blue sapphires might also be grayish, too light, or too dark.

What is a Padparadscha Sapphire?

An extremely rare and collectible variety that is a mix of pink and orange is known in the trade as padparadscha. Such gems typically have a high value—much higher than many other types of fancy sapphires. Their color can be hard to describe. Some people say padparadscha sapphire colors should be called salmon or sunset. But the word padparadscha itself derives from the Sanskrit language and refers to the rich color of a lotus blossom.

Those who deal in these gemstones usually agree that padparadscha sapphires should range from light to medium pinkish orange to orange-pink.

SAPPHIRE CLARITY
Blue sapphires typically have some inclusions, but they generally have better clarity than rubies. Blue sapphires with extremely high clarity are rare, and very valuable.

Several types of inclusions are found in sapphires. Among these are long thin mineral inclusions called needles. Fine needles are called silk when they occur as the mineral rutile in intersecting groups. Other clarity characteristics in sapphire are included mineral crystals, partially healed breaks that look like fingerprints, color zoning, and color banding.

Generally, inclusions make a stone less valuable. Price can drop substantially if the inclusions threaten the stone’s durability. Even so, inclusions can actually increase the value of some sapphires. Many of the most valuable Kashmir sapphires contain tiny inclusions that give them a velvety appearance. They scatter light, causing the coveted visual effect without negatively affecting the gem’s transparency.

STAR SAPPHIRE
Star sapphires and star rubies belong to the phenomenal corundum category. The star effect is called asterism. It’s caused by reflections from tiny, needle-like inclusions that are oriented in several specific directions. Stars are usually made up of 2, 3, or 6 intersecting bands, resulting in 4, 6, or (rarely) 12 rays.

Star sapphires usually have stars have 6 rays, and 12-rayed stars are quite rare. Two different sets of inclusions—one of rutile and one of hematite—oriented in slightly different directions can cause a 12-rayed star.

Hematite inclusions cause asterism in black star sapphires. The sapphire’s color is actually yellow, green, or blue, but the inclusions make it appear dark brown or black.

The finest star is distinct, centered on the top of the stone, and visible from a reasonable distance, about arm’s length. The star’s quality should be the same when viewed from all directions.

Ideally, the rays should be uniform in strength, reach from girdle to girdle on the cabochon, and intersect at the top center of the stone. The best stars are straight, not fuzzy, wavy, or broken. The reflective stars should contrast strongly against the gemstone’s bodycolor. The star should also have elegant “movement.” This means that, as you rock the stone, the star should appear to move smoothly across the surface.

The best and most expensive star corundum is semi-transparent, with just enough silk to create a well-defined star. Too much silk can harm transparency and also lead to poor color, lowering the value of the stone considerably.

SAPPHIRE CUT
The shape of a rough sapphire crystal influences the finished stone’s shape and size. Rough sapphire’s most common crystal form is a barrel- or spindle-shaped hexagonal pyramid. To achieve the best overall color, maintain the best proportions, and retain the most weight possible, cutters focus on factors like color zoning, pleochroism, and the lightness or darkness of a crystal to best determine how to orient the gem during cutting.

Color zoning—areas of different colors in a stone—is a common sapphire characteristic. Blue sapphire often has angular zones of blue and lighter blue. To accommodate color zoning in some sapphires, cutters orient the concentrated color in a location that offers the best visible color in the cut stone.

In Sri Lankan sapphires, the color is often concentrated close to the surface of the crystal. If a cutter can orient the culet within the concentrated area of color, the stone will appear entirely blue in the face-up position.

Pleochroism refers to different bodycolors in different crystal viewing directions. Blue sapphires often have greenish blue and violetish blue pleochroism. It’s most desirable to orient the cut so the stone shows the violetish blue color when it is set in jewelry.

Star Sapphire Cut

Star corundum must be cut as a cabochon to display asterism. A finished stone’s attractiveness depends on the star’s orientation and the cabochon’s symmetry, proportions, and finish.

The cabochon must have an appealing appearance, with the star properly centered when the gem rests on its base. The stone’s outline should be symmetrical.

For most stones, the dome should be fairly high—about two-thirds of the stone’s width—to focus the star sharply. If it’s too high, the phenomenon loses its graceful motion when the stone is tilted. Excessive height also makes the stone difficult to mount.

If the dome is cut too shallow, the star will be visible only from directly above. Black star sapphires, however, are prone to parallel breaks, so they’re usually cut very flat to reduce the risk of damage.

A stone should not have excess weight below the girdle that doesn’t contribute to the optical effect or reinforce color.

SAPPHIRE CARAT WEIGHT
Blue sapphires can range in size anywhere from a few points to hundreds of carats, and large blue sapphires are more readily available than large rubies. However, most commercial-quality blue sapphires weigh less than 5.00 carats.

Large commercial-quality blue sapphires are rare, but more available than large fine-quality ones. As a result, size makes more of a difference in the price of fine-quality sapphire.

There is nothing quite as cheerful and breathtaking as a stunning yellow sapphire. Their bright, crisp brilliance sparkles endlessly and is growing in popularity alongside pink sapphires. Yellow sapphires are recognized as being the bearers of wisdom and prosperity, and play a major role in Vedic Astrology, which proscribes good luck and good energy as flowing from a yellow sapphire.

Yellow Sapphires In 2019
Never underestimate the power of a gemstone that exudes a sense of happiness and cheer. Yellow sapphires are recognized as some of the most beautiful and bright stones that come in very clean large sizes. For this reason, among others, yellow sapphire engagement rings are on trend in 2019 to be the sapphire ring of choice for spring and summer proposals. Yellow sapphires also look stunning set in yellow gold, which is making a big comeback in 2019.

With the increased popularity of yellow diamonds and yellow diamond engagement rings, yellow sapphires are the perfect alternative in cost without sacrificing any quality or beauty. Fine, natural yellow sapphires are actually quite rare and are usually clean and very bright with fantastic light reflection in all lighting conditions.

The Standard For Yellow Sapphires
pear shape yellow sapphire
A yellow pear-shaped Madagascar yellow sapphire.
Yellow sapphires can range in color from greenish yellow to orangish-yellow and everything in between. The preferred yellow sapphire color is a medium, vibrant, canary yellow. These medium bright stones are still less expensive than a comparable blue or pink sapphire. Yellow sapphires are growing in value, they are a safe investment, and quite possibly the greatest “value” you will find in a colored gemstone.

Yellow sapphires are far more valuable if they have not been treated by high temperature heating. Yellow sapphires usually have “feather” type inclusions. If a yellow sapphire has been heated at a high temperature these feathers are destroyed and are easily identifiable by a trained gemologist. It is very unusual for natural untreated yellow sapphires to not have any internal feathers, making them so easy to identify.

How Does Cut Affect The Color?
three stone yellow sapphire engagement ring
A beautiful yellow and diamond three-stone sapphire ring.
Yellow sapphires frequently have fewer inclusions than other colors, and they are held to higher clarity standards than blue, pink, or padparadscha sapphires. Yellow sapphire’s relative clarity is quite convenient, since the medium tone at which the color shows best does little to hide inclusions. The feather type inclusions inherent in these stones are relatively easy to cut around so they are not visible to the naked eye.

Yellow sapphire rough has also traditionally been less costly than blue, pink, or padparadscha, so cutters don’t compromise brilliance in favor of weight retention. As a result, well-cut yellow sapphires are easier to find than other sapphire colors and are more readily available in specialty cuts. In 2019, these specialty cuts may become quite popular as an intriguing way to make jewelry really personalized. Aside from using a variety of metals, often mixing them to great effect, including specialty cuts in unique settings is a great trend to watch for yellow sapphires.

What Is The Availability Of These Gems?
Light yellow stones under 1 carat size are quite common and not very expensive. Fine intense color saturation, even in a 1 carat size is quite difficult to produce on a consistent basis. We recommend looking for a well cut and clean stone that has a medium “Canary” color.

A yellow oval cushion cut sapphire gemstone.
Yellow sapphires are mined in many of the top sapphire producing regions of the world. As a result, a wide range of colors and sizes of yellow sapphires are available to the consumer. The thing to consider about this availability is whether or not the stones have been treated. Since yellow sapphires are very attractive, the steady demand has only been increasing, making fine quality, untreated yellow sapphires still quite rare.

Where Can They Be Found?
Yellow sapphires have one primary source of fine quality: Sri Lanka (Ceylon). Almost all fine quality yellow sapphires seen today come from Sri Lanka. Other countries such as Australia, Thailand and Burma do produce some yellow sapphires, but, in most cases, with heavy secondary color tones. Madagascar has been producing some fine stones, but in smaller quantities.

cushion halo yellow sapphire engagement ring
A lovely yellow cushion cut sapphire and diamond engagement ring.
Insider View from the President of The Natural Sapphire Company:

For yellow, there are so many fine fine quality options available. For whatever geological reasons, the earth has had an easier time making these gemstones; there really isn’t a supply problem like we have with other colors, like padparadscha.

Untreated yellow sapphire prices aren’t at such a premium for an untreated sapphire. I also see heated yellow sapphires as having a somewhat unreal color reflection; I can spot a heated yellow sapphire immediately just from holding it in my hand. In my opinion, a treated yellow sapphire has lost some of its power and beauty after coming out of the oven. I just won’t buy one for personal use.

As we continue to reveal sapphire colors, we next enter the world of rare and striking Padparadscha Sapphires.

Although commonly thought of as blue, sapphires naturally occur in a variety of colors including pink, yellow and green. Pink sapphires are stunning gemstones that range from light to dark pink. They can also include secondary hues like purplish pink sapphires and orangey pink stones like the rare Padparadscha sapphires.

Pink sapphires belong to the corundum family of minerals. They contain traces of iron, titanium, magnesium, copper and chromium that help determine its color. The higher the chromium content, the deeper the pink hue.

In some cases, it’s difficult to distinguish a pink sapphire from a ruby. Only a gemologist will be able to make this distinction. In the United States, for instance, a minimum color saturation is necessary for a stone to be called a ruby. In other countries, the term ruby is used more loosely.

Pink Sapphire Meaning
Many cultures and people believe pink sapphires hold special power. They symbolize trust, loyalty and sincerity. They’re also believed to carry good fortune and intense love.

The increase in popularity of pink sapphires has sparked the number of pink sapphire engagement rings on the market. Many brides prefer the unique, feminine color to a white diamond or blue sapphire. For weddings with a blush or baby pink color scheme, pink sapphires are the perfect compliment.

To find out what a pink sapphire looks like in an engagement rings, have a look at recently purchased rings from our top-rated retailers.

WHERE DO PINK SAPPHIRES COME FROM?
The leading producer of natural pink sapphires is Madagascar. Pink sapphires were considered incredibly rare prior to the 1990s when the Madagascar mines were discovered. The quality and quantity of pink sapphires from Madagascar make these gemstones more widely available and affordable. Pink sapphire mines are also present in Myanmar, Sri Lanka and East Africa. A pink sapphire’s place of origin doesn’t usually impact its price or value.

HOW RARE ARE PINK SAPPHIRES?
Until the new deposits in Madagascar were discovered in the 1990s, pink sapphires were considered to be quite rare. Now, these pink gemstones are still rare but more widely available.

2.00 CARAT PINK SAPPHIRE OVAL CUT HALO ENGAGEMENT RING IN PLATINUM

Pink sapphires, for example, are much less expensive than pink diamonds.

The cost of pink sapphires varies significantly based on the color, carat and cut of the stone. For example, the stone in this 2.86 carat dark pink sapphire ring is $1,180, while this lighter pink 2.0 carat stone costs $820.

WHAT TO LOOK FOR IN A PINK SAPPHIRE
Buying a sapphire of any color is less technical than buying a diamond. Like other precious gemstones, the beauty of a pink sapphire is largely dependent on its color.

You’ll also want to consider the Cut, Clarity, Carat and Shape as you determine which pink sapphire to buy.

Color
Pink sapphires range in color from pale pink to vivid magenta. The most prized pink sapphires carry a rich pink hue with purple overtones, like this 9 Carat ring from James Allen.

While diamonds have an elaborate, standardized color-grading scale, sapphires don’t have a common system for evaluating color. This lack of uniformity makes it more difficult to compare two pink sapphires.

Instead, it’s best to use your own judgment about which pink sapphire appears most vibrant and beautiful to you, whether that’s a brighter pink or a darker gemstone. In general, though, the richer the sapphire’s color, the higher the price tag will be.

It’s important to know that many pink sapphires undergo heat treatment to soften their purple overtones. Entirely natural, untreated pink sapphires are quite rare. A certificate will come with these natural stones to prove it. So unlike other colored sapphires, like blue ones, heat-treat pink sapphires are more acceptable.
THE PADPARADSCHA SAPPHIRE

Padparadscha Sapphire Details Here

Besides the renowned blue sapphire, the Padparadscha sapphire is a highly desirable gemstone. This extremely rare and sought-after orangey pink sapphire was originally found in a Sri Lankan mine.

Padparadscha sapphires can fetch over $20,000 per carat! The name comes from the Sanskrit/Sihalese word “padma raga,” which means “lotus color,” as the gemstone’s color resembles that of a lotus flower.

Shape
The shape of your gemstone should be primarily based on personal preference and style. Pink sapphires are cut in everything from Round and Oval to Cushion Cut and Pear.

Review a range of engagement ring styles before settling on your shape.

Clarity
Clarity grading is a more general process for sapphires than with diamonds—and it doesn’t have as much impact on the stone’s value, either.

Gemologists use 10x magnification to inspect a diamond’s inclusions. Colored gemstones, on the other hand, are reviewed with a careful non-magnified examination. Most importantly, we look to see if the gemstone is “eye-clean” to the naked eye. The cleaner the stone, the higher the price tag.

It’s highly unlikely to find a pink sapphire without any blemishes or inclusions, though. If there are no imperfections in the stone, gemologists suspect the sapphire was treated or is fake. As we explain in our ruby article, all sapphires have rutile needles or “silk.”

If possible, though, we recommend finding a pink sapphire with a clarity grade in the VS (Very Slightly included) or VVS (Very Very Slightly Included) range.

Note: Most pink sapphires on the market today are heat-treated to improve their clarity and color. If they aren’t treated at all, they can be sold for large prices.

Cut
Cut is a critical component of any diamond or gemstone’s beauty. With pink sapphires, however, there aren’t standardized cut options like there are with diamonds. You can choose an “ideal” cut to showcase a diamond’s color and fire. However, with sapphires—and most colored gemstones—we rely on the gem cutter to maximize the individual sapphire’s unique combination of clarity, color and brilliance.

In general, well-cut sapphires are symmetrical and reflect light at the proper angles to enhance the stone’s luster. Usually, gem cutters opt for a deeper cut if the pink sapphire carries a light tone. The deep cut makes the stone appear to have a richer, darker color. The opposite is also true: if the sapphire is very dark, the gem cutter may choose a shallow cut to bring more light in and soften the overall look of the stone.

If the pink sapphire is poorly cut, it will appear dull and lifeless. Skilled cutters take all of these elements into consideration, as well as the inclusions and blemishes. Imperfections, for example, are more apparent in lighter colored stones.

Carat Weight
Like shape, carat weight is dependent on your personal style and budget. While carat weight is important to some wearers, we recommend focusing on the overall beauty and color of a pink sapphire rather than trying to achieve a certain carat weight.

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AKOYA PEARL

For nearly 100 years, akoya pearls grown off the coast of Japan have been the classic pearl of choice. When one pictures a round strand of white pearls, they are usually thinking of akoya.

Although rare baroque shapes and natural colors like silver-blue and gold do exist, akoya pearls are best known for their perfectly round shape and sharp, reflective luster.

While exceptions do exist, most akoya pearls produced today range in sizes from 4 to 10 mm.

If you are looking for a classic strand of round, white pearls, you are probably looking for a strand of akoya pearls.

SOUTH SEA PEARL

Grown primarily in Australia the Philippines and Indonesia and ranging in color from white to gold, South Sea pearls are the largest saltwater pearls grown today.

Because of their tremendous size, perfectly round South Sea pearls are quite rare. Other more common shapes are drops, baroques and ovals. All are considered very valuable.

While South Sea pearls range in size from 8 mm to 18 mm, the most common sizes range from 10 mm to 14 mm.

If you looking for the statement piece of jewelry with large pearls, South Sea may be the way to go.

TAHITIAN PEARL

Tahitian pearls grown in French Polynesia are the only naturally dark pearls. Although often referred to as black, Tahitian pearls come in a rainbow of exotic colors.

Round Tahitian pearls are quite rare but other fun shapes like drops, baroques and ovals are highly-sought and still considered very valuable.

When measured perpendicular to the drill hole, most Tahitians range in size from 8 mm to 15 mm regardless of shape.

If you are looking for a naturally dark pearls that go well with almost any style, Tahitian pearls may be your best choice.

FRESH WATER PEARL

The most affordable pearls sold today, freshwater pearls are known for baroque shapes, white and pastel body colors and softer luster than akoya (except in the case of rare metallics).

With natural pastel colors and shapes that range from perfectly round to free-form baroque, freshwater pearls offer a widest range of options.

Common sizes range from 5 mm to 12 mm, but recent advances have led to the development of round and baroque pearls as large as 20 mm.

If you are looking for an affordable piece or something more fashion-forward with unique combinations of colors and shapes, shop freshwater pearls.

Selecting a Pearl

One of the most important considerations in selecting a piece of pearl jewelry is determining the type of pearl that is best suited to your budget and preference. There are two basic varieties of cultured pearls; freshwater and saltwater. Freshwater pearls are grown primarily in man-made lakes and reservoirs in China. Saltwater pearls, which include akoya, Tahitian and South Sea, are grown in bays, inlets and atolls in many places around the world. Saltwater pearls are considered more valuable than freshwater pearls, although rare and very high-quality freshwater pearls can be exceedingly valuable.

 

Grading Pearls

Pearl grading is one of the most difficult aspects of pearl selection to understand. There is no officially recognized, standard system for grading pearls, except in the case of Tahitian pearls, where grading and export is controlled by the French Polynesian government. For that reason, it is important to understand the grading used by the company from which you purchase. A detailed explanation of luster, surface, shape and color is necessary to make an educated purchase decision.

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Quality pearls are very durable, but proper care is necessary to keep them beautiful and lustrous.

Here are important tips to care for your pearls.

  • Wear them!!! Wear them at least  semi-often!! Pearls were originally born in the water and benefit immensely from absorbing the oils that your skin naturally secretes throughout the day. So go ahead, put them on and show them you care.
  • Gently wipe pearls with a soft cloth to remove sweat, perfume, excess oils or dirt before putting them away.
  • Pearls should be stored away from other objects or jewelry that may scratch their surfaces. Wrap the pearls in linen, soft cloth, or place in a soft pouch.
  • Do NOT store pearls in an airtight package such as a plastic bag: remember, pearls need moisture.  If the environment is too dry, the pearls may crack. If placing the pearls in a safety deposit box or in a hot environment, leave a damp cloth nearby, and try to get them out of there as quickly as you can.
  • Keep pearls away from chlorine bleach, hydrogen peroxide, vinegar, ammonia, hairspray, perfume, and cosmetics, as these substances will damage the pearl surface.
  • Make sure to put pearls on after finished spraying perfume or hairspray and putting on makeup. Be very careful with chemical substances as they will eat holes in the pearl nacre.
  • Remove pearls before exercising to keep them away from perspiration.
  • Do not submerge your pearls in water – no showers, no dishes, no swimming.  The chlorine in the water will eat away at the epoxy securing the pearls to their mountings, and soaking the silk your pearls are strung on causes it to stretch out and break early.
  • Avoid hanging the pearl necklace for on a hook for storage; this places un-necessary strain on the silk and stretches out the necklace.
  • Restring pearls once every two to three years, or once a year if you wear them weekly.  Be sure to have each pearl knotted separately, preferably with silk, so they do not rub together and wear on the pearl nacre. If pearls are very small, knots between each pearl may be undesirable.
SOLITAIRE RING
PAVE DIAMOND RING
CHANNEL SET RING
SIDESTONE ENGAGEMENT RING
THREE-STONE ENGAGEMENT RING
HALO ENGAGEMENT RING

Solitaire Engagement Rings

A solitaire ring setting features a single stone, typically a diamond with a plain mounting (usually four or six prongs). Solitaires are one of the most popular engagement ring settings. Their appeal is in their elegance, simplicity, and timelessness. Solitaire engagement rings come in a variety of sizes and styles. Some have narrower bands which have the effect of making a smaller diamond appear larger, and compliment small fingers. Others have thicker bands which allow for more options in the way the diamond is set. Many solitaire rings have ring guards (or rings wraps) which frame the center diamond, making it appear more prominent.

 

Pavé Engagement Rings

A pavé engagement ring is encrusted with very small diamonds all along the band to give the appearance of a solid diamond surface. Because pave-set diamonds use only tiny beads or prongs to hold them in place, very little of the metal band shows through and the diamonds appear to be free-standing. Pave settings can either go around the whole band (full pave) or stop halfway around it (half pave). Micro pave rings are even more delicate and intricate than regular pave settings. The individual stones are so small that they appear to blend together and create extraordinary fire. Typically, round brilliant or princess cut diamonds are used as center stones in pave engagement rings. Most center stones are prong-set, basket-set or bezel-set.

Channel Set Engagement Rings

Channel set engagement rings feature side diamonds that are embedded into the channel groove of the ring. A thin strip of metal secures the diamonds in place—no prongs are used. The diamonds are flush with the band and as a result, channel set rings are sturdier than other designs and less likely to snag on clothing. Channel settings are available in gold and platinum, with a variety of diamond shapes and cuts. When it comes to picking the right channel stones for your channel ring, princess cut is a popular choice, as its square edges ensure no gaps between the stones.

 

Sidestone Engagement Rings

Sidestone engagement ring settings provide a perfect complement to a center stone and typically consist of a center diamond flanked by two or more smaller-sized side diamonds. Because sidestones add size and brilliance to the center diamond, they make the overall appearance of the engagement ring more impressive and radiant. When it comes to selecting a center diamond for an engagement ring with side stones, round brilliant or princess cut diamonds are typically chosen, although most diamond shapes can be used.

 

Three-Stone Engagement Rings

Three stone engagement rings consist of a center diamond flanked by two side diamonds, which accentuate the size and brilliance of the center diamond.The center stone is usually set higher to complement the side stones and add depth to the ring. Round or princess cut diamonds are the most popular choices for center stones. Most center stones are prong-set, basket-set or bezel-set, as these settings effectively distinguish the center diamond from the setting.

 

Halo Engagement Rings

Halo engagement ring settings feature a center gemstone surrounded by smaller, micro pave diamonds. The smaller diamonds give the appearance of size and volume to the center stone, adding to the ring’s overall sparkle. Traditional halo engagement rings are a more modern take on the classic solitaire ring, while vintage-style halo rings focus on the micro pave and milgrain detailing along the band. Halo engagement rings come in all shapes and sizes of center stones. Some feature round stones, asscher-cut diamonds, pear-shaped and oval diamonds. Halo rings often feature colored gemstones, like blue sapphires or red rubies.

How To Measure Your Ring Size

Step by step:

  1. Print the PDF file in 100%
  2. Tally the prepared measuring tape on top of the PDF file with a ruler to check if it is printed accurately
  3. Cut the strip out
  4. Measure on your finger

P/s: Do not stretch your finger while measuring. Make sure it is not loose nor too tight.
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iDo Jewellery only produce Comfort Fit ring, as we truly understand the importance for our clients to have quality comfortable ring for daily wear. Why we insist in not making a regular fit ring as it tends to be distorted easily or even break, we do not want you to go through all the hassle having your ring remake.

Picture on the left shows an example of Hollow Fit in the inner ring. This type of ring tend to be very uncomfortable for wearing. Reason why a lot of jeweller in the market sells this kind of ring because they want to carve off as much gold as possible, which many end users do not realise eventhough they can feel it is quite uncomfy.

 

Cutting off that much gold makes it very light weight, the overall touch and feel become less profound. It will leave a mark on your finger and due to the thinness of the ring, wearer will tend to have a “cutting finger” sensation.
This is the type of ring that you will never find from iDo Jewellery. As we custom make only Comfort Fit Ring.

From iDo Jewellery, you will only Comfort Fit ring like the picture on the right. Look at the inner dome, it does not just look thick and solid. It weighs heavy as well. All of our clients love the comfort fit ring that we make. We want to assure every clients purchase quality ring that will last them a lifetime.

 

Why comfort fit to us is so important? Clients’ satisfaction is our priority. When our clients collect their rings, feels the weight in their hand. Sees the quality we promise, the smile on their face. Priceless! 

 

Quality is the priority consideration that you have to put into before design. What is design without quality workmanship and material?

 

Just like a beautiful girl without inner beauty (quality). I’m just saying.

 

Check out the Formula of our 18K White Gold. See what is the difference that no jeweller will ever reveal to you.

How Do We Make Your Jewellery?

 

STEP # 1 – SELECT DESIGN

Browse our website to select the designs that attract you the most or share with us what you have in mind.

Blast us via email (ling@idojewellery.com) or whatsapp (+6016.4976292).

 

 

STEP # 2 – DESIGNING

If you can’t find anything you like and do not know what you wanted. No worries! Our professional designer team will handle it for you, all you need is to talk to us!

In order to produce a unique piece, the very initial step is to create a design. This is the point from where the magic begins. It is a stage wherein the designer develops an idea for the design, evaluates the idea and translates it into reality.

 

STEP # 3 – QUOTATION

Once you blast us the designs to our email or whatsapp, our sales team will give you the quotation based on your requirements.

 

STEP # 4 – DEAL

Once pricing and design are confirmed, we will collect 50% deposit to begin work. Remaining will be collected when the product is complete.

 

STEP # 5 – HANDMADE

We will hand in the design to our factory for production.

 

Step # 6 – FILING / ASSEMBLY

Filing is a technique that helps in removing excess metal or solder from a piece that is being worked on. It is a process wherein the casting layer is removed by using different tools like files and burrs. It gives a smooth finish to the piece. Assembly is the process where two or more component of the same design are joint with the help of solder or laser technique

 

 

Step # 7 – POLISHING

Polishing offers a neat finish and enhances the value of a piece. Polishing involves three steps, tumbling, pre polishing, and ultra-cleaning. Jewellery pieces with diamonds require pre polishing before the diamond is set. This is because once the diamonds are set the area below the diamond portion cannot be polished and may affect the shine of the diamond.

 

Step # 8 – STONE SETTING

Stone setting is the art of securely setting or attaching gemstone in the jewelry. Different types of setting are used to create varied designs; sometimes even combination of two setting is also used to make a piece look more appealing. The different types of setting are prong, plate prong, pave, pressure, bezel, bead, flush, fishtail, invisible, miracle plate and channel.

 

 

Step # 9 – POLISHING

This is the final polish of the piece of jewellery. In polishing, the idea is to add shine to the entire piece of jewellery. Polishing is done after setting of stones and it can be done either by hand or by machine. If the jewellery is hand polished, then the craftsman uses different tools like solid buff, soft buff, hair buff, coin buff, single line ball buff, green rouse for shine, platinum polishing rouse, black lustre for removing casting/filling layers, red rouse to impart shine and white lustre to remove roughness.

 

Step # 10 – RHODIUM PLATING

Rhodium is a sparkling white coloured precious metal. When a piece of jewellery is plated with Rhodium, it gives a white reflective appearance and provides the piece of jewellery better resistance to scratches and tarnish. It is used on yellow gold for creating visually appealing patterns and designs. The use of Rhodium plating on white gold is meant for adding whiteness to the gold, since white gold is not so white in its original and pure form.

 

Step # 11 – QUALITY CONTROL

Quality control (QC) is a procedure or set of procedures intended to ensure that a manufactured product or performed service adheres to a defined set of quality criteria or meets the requirements of the client or customer. There are three different methods of quality control inspection which includes include measurement, visual inspection and mechanical inspection.

 

 

Step # 12 – HANDLING

We will inform you once your jewellery is ready for collection. You may proceed with your plans.

 

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